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Archive for September, 2011

St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (SUAI) has the following faculties for students:

* Faculty of Innovation
* Faculty of Aerospace instruments and systems
* Faculty of Radiotechnics, electronics and Communications
* Faculty of Intellectual system Management and Nanotechnology
* Faculty of Information Systems and Information Protection
* Faculty of Economics
* Faculty of the Humanities
* Faculty of Military education (FME) (Only for Russians)
* Faculty of Law

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Admission 2011

Do you want to be an important Engineer? Or, maybe your friend wants to become a Psychologist? Maybe your sibling dreams about becoming a Journalist? Maybe you are someone with an inventive bent of mind and want to be a Scientist, maybe your father wishes you to be a Business figure in the family or You want to be movie star! With all these ambitions boiling inside can anybody sit quiet? Is it alright to suppress these natural callings of the inside being? No! So, do not postpone, take a step and write us with the programs you wish to study so that you are in splendid St. Petersburg studying your favorite courses this October/November. We are standing by to take your e-mails, calls, requests!

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Nikolay Antonovich Dollezhal (October 27, 1899 – November 20, 2000) was a Russian mechanical engineer, a key figure in Soviet atomic bomb project and chief designer of nuclear reactors from the first plutonium production reactor to the RBMK.

Dollezhal pioneered the concept of the pressurized water reactor, which led to numerous military and VVER-type civilian designs. In 1957 Dollezhal Institute launched their first dual-use (civilian energy and weapons-grade plutonium) powerplant, Type EI, and seven years later, the first truly industrial Beloyarsk power plant. All subsequent Soviet reactors (VVER, RBMK) also originated from his firm.

Since its foundation St. Petersburg was planned as an industrial centre. During the 20th century the machine building and metal working sector focused mainly on high-tech and military products. As a result of this, key research institutions and production enterprises are concentrated in St. Petersburg.

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Inspired by the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev, the most eminent of the Russian literary critics of the 1860s and I. M. Sechenov, the Father of Russian physiology, were spreading, Pavlov abandoned his religious career and decided to devote his life to science. In 1870 he enrolled in the physics and mathematics faculty at the University of Saint Petersburg to take the course in natural science.

In the 1890s, Pavlov was investigating the gastric function of dogs by externalizing a salivary gland so he could collect, measure, and analyze the saliva and what response it had to food under different conditions. He noticed that the dogs tended to salivate before food was actually delivered to their mouths, and set out to investigate this “psychic secretion”, as he called it. Conscious until his very last moment, Pavlov asked one of his students to sit beside his bed and to record the circumstances of his dying. He wanted to create unique evidence of subjective experiences of this terminal phase of life.

Pavlov contributed to many areas of physiology and neurology. Most of his work involved research in temperament, conditioning and involuntary reflex actions. Pavlov performed and directed experiments on digestion, eventually publishing The Work of the Digestive Glands in 1897, after 12 years of research. His experiments earned him the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. These experiments included surgically extracting portions of the digestive system from animals, severing nerve bundles to determine the effects, and implanting fistulas between digestive organs and an external pouch to examine the organ’s contents. This research served as a base for broad research on the digestive system.

Pavlov directed all his indefatigable energy towards scientific reforms. He devoted much effort to transforming the physiological institutions headed by him into world centres of scientific knowledge, and it is generally acknowledged that he succeeded in this endeavor.

Pavlov nurtured a great school of physiologists, which produced many distinguished pupils. He left the richest scientific legacy – a brilliant group of pupils, who would continue developing the ideas of their master, and a host of followers all over the world.

PSYCHOLOGY
Pavlov extended the definitions of the four temperament types under study at the time: phlegmatic, choleric, sanguine, and melancholic, updating the names to “the strong and impetuous type, the strong equilibrated and quiet type, the strong equilibrated and lively type, and the weak type.”
Carl Jung continued Pavlov’s work on TMI and correlated the observed shutdown types in animals with his own introverted and extroverted temperament types in humans. Introverted persons, he believed, were more sensitive to stimuli and reached a TMI state earlier than their extroverted counterparts. This continuing research branch is gaining the name highly sensitive persons.
William Sargant and others continued the behavioral research in mental conditioning to achieve memory implantation and brainwashing (any effort aimed at instilling certain attitudes and beliefs in a person).

As Pavlov’s work became known in the West, particularly through the writings of John B. Watson, the idea of “conditioning” as an automatic form of learning became a key concept in the developing specialism of comparative psychology, and the general approach to psychology that underlay it, behaviorism. The British philosopher Bertrand Russell was an enthusiastic advocate of the importance of Pavlov’s work for philosophy of mind.Pavlov’s research on conditional reflexes greatly influenced not only science, but also popular culture. The phrase “Pavlov’s dog” is often used to describe someone who merely reacts to a situation rather than using critical thinking. Pavlovian conditioning was a major theme in Aldous Huxley’s dystopian novel, Brave New World, and also to a large degree in Thomas Pynchon’s Gravity’s Rainbow.

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A Russian Neuropsychiatrist

Sergei Korsakov was the first of great Russian neuropsychiatrists.

Korsakov was one of the greatest neuropsychiatrists of the 19th century and published numerous works in neuropathology, psychiatry, and forensic medicine. Apart from his studies on alcoholic psychosis, he introduced the concept of paranoia and wrote an excellent textbook on psychiatry. An able organizer, he was instrumental in founding the Moscow Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists. The Korsakov Journal of Neuropathology and Psychiatry was named after him.

Sergey Sergeevich Korsakov was the first Professor of Psychiatry in Russia and founder of the Moscow School of Psychiatry. Although he was head of the psychiatric clinic of Moscow University for only 12 years, his clinical approach and organizing skills influenced the direction in which Russian psychiatry developed and put it on the international map.

His thesis “About alcoholic paralysis” gained him his medical doctorate in 1887. In the same year, the first Clinic for Nervous and Mental Diseases was founded in Moscow University, with Kozhevnikov at its head. Working closely with Kozhevnikov, as assistant professor, Korsakov was in charge of theoretical and practical training in psychiatry; he gave his first lecture in autumn 1888. For Korsakov, and for Russian psychiatry, the subsequent years were a time of great development and diverse activity. Kozhevnikov considered, however, that clinical neurology as an independent specialty should be separated, not only from internal medicine, but also from psychiatry He was, therefore, simultaneously building a second, new Clinic for nervous diseases. With the permission of the Moscow University Medical faculty, he transferred the control over the first clinic to Korsakov, one of his best pupils, and in 1890 it became exclusively a clinic for psychiatric patients. This was a historical moment of separation between neurological and psychiatric disciplines in Moscow, whereas elsewhere in Europe and even in Russia, e.g. St. Petersburg, the two disciplines would continue to be practiced together for a long time.

Korsakov actively participated in promoting the rights of the mentally ill. In fact, he headed both the Moscow University Psychiatric Clinic and a private institution, the oldest private clinic for the mentally ill in Moscow, founded in 1830. The regimen in the clinic was more flexible and more humane than in public asylums. Korsakov went further than anyone else in avoiding restraints, removing bars and abolishing straight-jackets and isolation cells Korsakov promoted a humane approach to the mentally ill not only in Russia, but also internationally. He was a strong opponent of forced sterilization of the mentally ill, something that was happening in the US. This is the reason why some historians of medicine call Korsakov “the Russian Pinel”. Thanks to his energy and enthusiasm, this no-restraint approach to the care of the mentally ill was implemented in Russia rather quickly.

As chief of the Moscow University Psychiatric Clinic, Korsakov defined the nosological approach in the study of psychoses. He applied his ideas in practice while studying the clinical features of alcoholic polyneuritis with distinctive mental symptoms––‘cerebropathia psychica toxaemica’. In 1889, Korsakov published his work “”. This disorder is characterized by polyneuritis with a variable degree of limb muscle atrophy as well as disturbed memory, with amnesia, confabulations and pseudoreminiscences. He published other works on this topic, further developing the theory of polyneuritic psychosis Korsakov presented a report “” at the XII International Medical Congress in Moscow in 1897. He was a member of the organizing committee of the congress, which was attended by many prominent European neurologists and psychiatrists. Many of them visited the Clinic for Nervous and Mental Diseases, and all 45 foreign colleagues became members of Moscow Society of Neurology and Psychiatry.

Apart from the studies on alcoholic psychosis, Korsakov introduced the concept of paranoia. Consequently, paranoia (acute and chronic), hallucinatory madness (acute) and primary, curable weak-mindedness were outlined. He presented the concept of ‘dysnoia’, which might be considered a precursor of acute schizophrenia. Korsakov was the first to note the specific signs of the ‘basic disorder’ of this illness and formulated his theory of ‘dysnoia’ in 1891 before Kraepelin’s description of dementia praecox.
In line with the main direction of Korsakov’s clinical view, his classification of the psychiatric disorders became the most significant achievement in Russian psychiatry at the turn of the nineteenth into the twentieth century.
Korsakov was also a founder of the field of forensic psychiatry in Russia. He conducted the most difficult evaluations either himself or together with his collaborators and published case series on this subject including evaluations of the most important and well-known judicial trials of his time.
Korsakov wrote a Course of Psychiatry published only a year after his death.

In 1901 his teacher, Kozhevnikov founded a leading Russian journal of neurology and psychiatry and named it after Korsakov: Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S. S. Korsakova.

The Moscow Psychiatric Clinic bears his name. A monument to his memory was erected in front of the clinic, the plaque reading: “To S. S. Korsakov––scientist, psychiatrist, thinker, humanist’’

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The best aerospace universities are situated in countries with the most powerful aerospace industry. Nowadays there are only two such countries – Russia and US.

One of the Russia’s top Aerospace education Institution is SUAI also known as Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation. International Institute for Advanced Aerospace Technologies (IIAAT) has been created in September 1998, as its affiliated structure. English is the working language of IIAAT.
Special upgrading courses and scientific traineeship may also be arranged on the agreement with the partner University or other institution. The education of foreign students is supported also by a special system of tutorship. During 11 years more than 35 research and educational projects with 11 countries were successfully accomplished in IIAAT.

A lot of alumni are working for the greatest aerospace companies (Sukhoi Company, MIG, Tupolev, Kamov etc). They are the rare ones of the world’s aerospace universities that own experimental-design bureau with a professional test pilot and serial plane production.

The creator of the stealth aircraft technology – Russian Professor Ufimtsev from CALTECH is teaching students of Aircraft Electronics and Communication Systems Department.

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Educational Consultant

A good educational consultant is someone who:

* listens carefully
* is compassionate and tenacious
* knows many studying options
* works with students at all learning levels
* is a creative problem-solver
* behaves ethically with honesty and integrity
* continually engages in professional development
* has visited many Universities.

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