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Archive for August, 2012

The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:

“Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.”

The field of modern biotechnology is thought to have largely begun on June 16, 1980, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that a genetically modified microorganism could be patented in the case of Diamond v. Chakrabarty, Indian-born Ananda Chakrabarty, working for General Electric, had developed a bacterium (derived from the Pseudomonas genus) capable of breaking down crude oil, which he proposed to use in treating oil spills.

Rising demand for biofuels is expected to be good news for the biotechnology sector, with the Department of Energy (US) estimating ethanol usage could reduce U.S. petroleum-derived fuel consumption by up to 30% by 2030. The biotechnology sector has allowed the U.S. farming industry to rapidly increase its supply of corn and soybeans—the main inputs into biofuels—by developing genetically modified seeds which are resistant to pests and drought. By boosting farm productivity, biotechnology plays a crucial role in ensuring that biofuel production targets are met.

The Biotech Industry
In Russia Biotechnology industry is sometimes divided into four areas:
• «Red” Biotechnology – the production of biopharmaceuticals (proteins, enzymes, antibodies) for the person, as well as the correction of the genetic code.
• «Green” Biotechnology – development and introduction to the culture of genetically modified plants.
• «White» Biotechnology – the production of biofuels, enzymes and biomaterials for various industries.
• The academic and government research – for example, the genome of rice.

According to analysts, the Russian market is predicted to expand at a compound annual growth rate of 8.3% over the next few years and approximately 53% of the biopharmaceuticals market in Russia is comprised of innovative medicines.

The Russian Government has a program known as The Comprehensive Program for Development of Biotechnology in the Russian Federation through 2020. This document sets targets for growing the industry and creating an innovation economy in which biotechnology is a critical component by 2020. The plan outlines activities to boost financing to support R&D activities, particularly in the area of agricultural biotechnology. Additionally, the Russian government is investing in “bioparks,” R&D clusters of biotechnology and related sectors.

 

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studying Biotechnology in Russia

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BACHELORS in Biotechnology in Russia course with various specialities.

Russian Preparatory course is necessary before enrolling in any of the degree programs.

Biotechnology BACHELORS – 4 years

    1. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
    2. Bionanotechnology
    3. Food Biotechnology
    4. Engineering and technology
    5. Technology and processing of polymers
    6. Technology of inorganic substances
    7. Technology of electrochemical production
    8. Chemical technology of natural energy and carbon materials
    9. Chemical technology of organic substances
    10. The technology of refractory non-metal and silicate materials
    11.  Environmental biotechnology (Protection of the environment)
    12. Energy and resource saving processes in chemical engineering, petrochemical and biotechnology
    13. Food Biotechnology
    14. Industrial biotechnology and bioengineering
    15. Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology
    16. Molecular and Cellular Biotechnology

DEPARTMENT of technologies in Medicine, Pharmacy and Biotechnology (MITHT)

    • Biotechnology
    • Medical Biotechnology

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (MITHT)

  • Bionanotechnology

    Biotechnologically modified apple: Partially peeled orange with green apple inside.

Biotechnology MASTERS  – 2 years

      1. Applied Biotechnology
      2. Industrial Bioengineering
      3. Technology biopharmaceutical drugs
      4. Creation technology of drug delivery based on nano and micro particles
      5. Industrial Biotechnology and Bioengineering (MUCTR)
      6. Eco-biotechnology (MUCTR)
      7. Molecular and Cellular Biotechnology (MUCTR)

DEPARTMENT of technologies in Medicine, Pharmacy and Biotechnology (MITHT)

    • Molecular and Cellular Biotechnology
    • Technology drugs
    • Technology biopharmaceuticals
    • Technology bioconversion of plant raw materials

Biotechnology SPECIALIST (ENGINEER) – 5 years (equal to Bachelors + Masters)

Biotechnology

      1. The technology of protein drugs and biologically active substances
      2. Technology bioorganic synthesis,
      3. Technology of drugs
      4. Ecobiotechnology
      5. Industrial Ecology
      6. Recovery of secondary materials in the industry (Resource recovery)

Energy- and resource-saving processes in chemical engineering, petrochemicals and biotechnology

      1. Environmental protection and rational use of natural resources

Chemical and pharmaceutical technologies and biomedical preparations

      1. Directed synthesis and study of biologically active substances;
      2. Application of organic chemistry – design and synthesis of the active components of drugs;
      3. Bioorganic Chemistry and Biotechnology;
      4. Development, production and quality control of drugs and cosmetics.

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