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Archive for July, 2012

We get hundreds of enquires every year from young talented minds wanting to study in St.Petersburg. Some are still thinking about it, some are preparing for it, some are coming here soon and some are already here. So, here’s what you shall find in this city. Read on.

There are 342 bridges in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Peter the Great was designing the city as another Amsterdam and Venice, with canals instead of streets and citizens skillful in sailing! Initially, there were only about ten bridges constructed in the city, mainly across ditches and minor creeks. By Peter’s plans, in the summer months, the citizens were supposed to move around in boats, and in the winter months when the water froze to move in sledges. However, after Peter’s death, new bridges were built, as it was a much easier way of transportation. Temporary ponton bridges were used in the summertime. The first permanent bridge of bricks and stones across the main branch of the Neva river appeared in 1850.

Bank Bridge

As griffins in mythology are the guards of treasure, the lions with eagle wings in front of the Assignation Bank (now housing the SPSUE&Finance) are to watch the gold reserves of the Russian state.

There is a legend still propagated among the citizens that if you rub a griffin’s paw, you will inevitably make a fortune.

Lion Bridge

St. Petersburg known for its renowned landmarks, has a Lions Bridge which crosses the Griboedov Canal not far from the Mariinsky Theatre. Designed by German engineer Wilhelm Von Treitteur, the single-span suspension bridge was completed in 1826, and has an innovative design that hides the bridge’s supports in the bodies of four beautiful cast-iron lions, by the famous St. Petersburg sculptor Pavel Sokolov.

Lomonosov Bridge

Across the Fontanka River it is the best preserved of towered movable bridges typical for 18th century Saint Petersburg.

The original Tchernyshov Bridge, measuring 63 metres long by 14,7 metres wide, was constructed between 1785 and 1787. During the mid-19th century industrialization other bridges had their towers removed to facilitate traffic, but Tchernyshov Bridge retained the original appearance, with four rusticated Doric pavilions with small domed caps. Its movable middle section of wood was replaced by a metal one in 1912. The bridge was renamed after Mikhail Lomonosov in 1948 after the Russian renaissance man of the 18th century.

Anichkov Bridge

The current bridge built in 1841-42 and reconstructed in 1906-08, combines a simple form with some spectacular decorations. As well as its four famous horse sculptures (1849–50), the bridge has some of the most celebrated ornate iron railings in Saint Petersburg. The structure is mentioned in the works of Pushkin, Gogol, and Dostoevsky (famous Russian poets).

The first bridge was built in 1715-16 by order of Peter the Great, and named after its engineer, Mikhail Anichkov. The bridge was made of wood with several spans built on piles of supports lying just above the Fontanka River. It was designed by Domenico Trezzini. Nothing remains of this first bridge.

The Horse Tamers, designed by the Russian sculptor, Baron Peter Klodt von Jurgensburg. They rank among the city’s most recognizable landmarks. The theme derives from the colossal Roman marbles, often identified with the Dioscuri, prominently sited on the Quirinal Hill, Rome. Guillaume Coustou’s baroque marble horse tamers for Marly-le-Roi, the Chevaux de Marly, were resited at the opening to the Champs-Elysées, Paris, at the Revolution.

The St Petersburg sculptures have an interesting history. Prior to 1851, when the definitive versions were installed in the bridge, Tsar Nicholas I had given two of them to Prussian King Frederick William IV in 1842, and the other two had been sent in 1846 to Naples as a sign of gratitude for the hospitality shown to the Tsar during his trip there (see here and here). “Petersburg lore tells of Peter Klodt’s death immediately upon embarrassing discovery that tongues had been omitted on two of the four sculptural horses”[2]. Another urban legend has it that Klodt depicted his powerful enemy’s face under the tail of one of the bronze stallions.

In 1941, during the Second World War, when the bridge came under heavy fire from German artillery, the sculptures were removed from their platforms and buried in the nearby Anichkov Palace garden. The bridge suffered serious damage during the war, but has been fully restored. As a memorial, the pedestal of one of the statues retains the effects of artillery fire, with a plaque explaining this to passersby. Prior to the tercentenary of Saint Petersburg, the statues were removed from the bridge again and underwent thorough restoration.

Palace Bridge

Palace Bridge is probably the most famous in St. Petersburg, thanks to its situation between the Winter Palace and the Strelka on Vasilevsky Ostrov. Opened in 1916, Palace Bridge was only fully completed in 1939, when the last decorative elements, which include beautiful cast-iron railings and ornate street lamps, were installed.

The history of Palace Bridge dates back to 1901, when a competition for designs for a permanent bridge at the site was announced. Until then, this vital link between two of the oldest sections of the city had been furnished by boat or by a pontoon bridge 50 meters downstream, a legacy of Peter the Great’s interdict on bridge-building in his new capital (he believed this would encourage the population to become competent sailors).

It took eight years for the jury to choose a winner. They opted for designs presented by Andrey Pshensitsky, a recent graduate of the St. Petersburg Institute of Communications Engineering. Celebrated Art Nouveau designer and artist Roman Meltzer was commissioned to design the bridge’s architectural decorations, and construction eventually began in 1912.

The onset of the First World War severely interfered with the completion of the project, and the eventual opening of Palace Bridge in 1916 was a discrete affair, with most of the decorative elements of the designs incomplete. It was not until 1939, by which time the bridge had been renamed Republican Bridge, that the ornate cast-iron railings and lampposts, the lion sculptures and the bridge’s pavilions were eventually completed.

The bridge’s original name was returned in 1944, and Palace Bridge has since been fully restored several times since, most recently in 1997. The bridge now carries over 30,000 cars a day, and is the site of some of St. Petersburg’s heaviest traffic jams. Nonetheless, views from the bridge – of the Winter Palace, of the Peter and Paul Fortress, and of the rows of palatial buildings along both banks of the Neva – are some of the most impressive in the city.

Egyptian Bridge

The one-span suspension bridge that it replaced was of historical interest as a monument to early 19th-century Egyptomania. It was constructed in 1825-1826 based on designs by two civil engineers, Von Traitteur and Christianowicz. Its granite abutments were topped with cast-iron sphinxes and hexagonal lanterns.

The original bridge, used by both pedestrians and horse-drawn transport, collapsed on January 20, 1905, when a cavalry squadron was marching across it. The present structure, incorporating sphinxes and several other details from the 19th-century bridge, was completed in 1955.

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Let’s take the case of Admiralteyskaya  Metro station on the Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line of the Saint Petersburg Metro. The station opened on 28 December 2011. When you come to St.Petersburg, look it up in real. Enjoy the visual panorama ahead!

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Have you thought of studying Civil Engineering in Russia?

Come study Civil engineering in Russia with Council for Foreign Education in Russia, the official International Education partner of leading Russian State Universities and Russian National Research State Universities.

Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. The world of Civil Engineering is a world of creating things that others say can’t be created, making the structures that define our modern world.

Other than military engineering, civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline in the world, with a history that goes back over 4,000 years. The royal engineers of Pharaoh’s court devised the pyramids of Egypt as a final resting place for their king. Since then, civil engineers have created structures which have marveled the world; everything from the Great Wall of China, to the Colosseum in Italy, to the Taj Majal in India to the pyramid of Chichen Itza, Mexico. In fact, all seven of the Wonders of the World were designed and created by civil engineers.

Today’s civil engineers face the challenge of creating structures which at times seen to defy gravity, defy engineering science and even defy logic. Yet, these amazing structures are firmly based in scientific principle; seeming to bend scientific laws to meet the needs of the architect.

Founded in 1907 this faculty is one of the fastest growing in Russia.

Preparation of students is carried out by teachers of the faculty – academicians and corresponding members of Russian Academy of Sciences, Professors and Doctors of science. Each student has the opportunity to travel for training and practice in foreign universities.

Salient features of studying in Russia

  • Bilingual diploma: in Russian and English languages
  • Enhanced opportunities for career development
  • European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)
  • Modern educational technologies
  • low Professor: student ratios
  • Common core in years 1 and 2 for all engineering students
  • Final choice of specialisation can be made at start of year 3
  • Research is integrated into learning
  • Practice and traineeships in leading Russian and foreign companies
  • Access to research and technological resources
  • Russian State Universities have a reputation for high quality research

constr Collage_Civil_Engineeringstudy BACHELORS in Civil Engineering in Russia

  1. Industrial and Civil Construction» (“Civil engineering”)
    The program is implemented the Department of “Technology, organization and economics of construction” Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  2. The construction of high-rise and long-span buildings and structures
    The program is implemented Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  3. Construction engineering (Department- Hydraulic engineering constructions)
  4. Construction engineering (Department- Civil engineering & Applied ecology)
  5. Construction engineering (Department- Structural Unit & Materials)
  6. Construction engineering (Department- renewable power sources and hydro-electric engineering)
  7. Environmental and Water Use
  8. Electrical and electrical power engineering
  9. Urban Construction and Management
  10. Hydraulic engineering
  11. Design of Buildings
  12. Design and construction
  13. Environmental Engineering
  14. Construction of unique buildings and structures
  15. Construction in northern climates
  16. The production and use of building materials, components and structures
  17. Industrial and Civil Construction (TSUAB)
  18. Highways and airports
  19. Design of Buildings
  20. Environmental safety of construction
  21. Maintenance of buildings and structures in northern climates
  22. Construction of the northern climatic conditions
  23. Underground facilities, bases and foundations
  24. Applied information technologies in architecture (TSUAB)
  25. Applied geographic information technologies (TSUAB)
  26. Plasma technologies in construction materials and building units’ production
  27. Urban construction and municipal engineering (TSUAB)
  28. Urban construction (TSUAB)
  29. Production of building materials and structures (TSUAB)
  30. Heat and gas supply and ventilation (TSUAB)
  31. Water supply and water disposal (TSUAB)
  32. Mechanization and automation of construction process (TSUAB)
  33. Expert evaluation and property management / Assessment and management of real estate (TSUAB)
  34. Automobile roads / Highways (TSUAB)
  35. Automobile roads, bridges and tunnels (TSUAB)
  36. Housing and utility complex (TSUAB)
  37. Budgeting in construction (TSUAB)

study MASTERS in Civil Engineering in Russia

  1. Masters degree in Civil Engineering in English
  2. Organization and management of investment and construction projects
    The program is implemented by Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  3. Automated design of buildings
    The program is implemented by Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  4. Design and construction of hydropower facilities and installations of renewable energy
  5. Landscape zoning of the territory
  6. Environmental protection through Enngineering
  7. Organization and management of investment and construction projects
    The program is implemented by Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  8. Automated design of buildings
    The program is implemented by Faculty of Civil Engineering with Saimaa University of Applied Sciences (Finland).
  9. Safety of Technosphere
  10. Construction engineering
    1. River and Underground hydraulic engineering constructions
    2. Marine hydraulic engineering constructions and navigation
    3. Theory and design of buildings and constructions
    4. Construction of landscape architecture objects
    5. Technical maintenance and reconstruction of buildings and constructions
    6. Theory and practice of organizational
    7.  Computer-aided design of buildings and structures
    8. Engineering systems for buildings and structures
  11. Environmental and Water Use
  12. Marine hydraulic structures and facilities waterways
  13. River Engineering Construction
  14. Design, construction engineering, management and expert examination of real estate in power engineering and hydraulic construction
  15. Theory and design of buildings
  16. Organization and management of investment and construction projects
  17. Theory and computer simulation techniques in the calculation of structures
  18. Construction of objects of landscape architecture
  19. Technical operation and reconstruction of buildings
  20. Computer-aided design of buildings and structures
  21. Engineering systems of buildings and structures
  22. Theory and computer simulation techniques in structural calculations
  23. Design and construction of power industry objects and renewable hydro energy sources installations
  24. Development of construction design and calculation methods of metal and wooden structures of buildings (TSUAB)
  25. Reinforced concrete structures of buildings under dynamic loads design (TSUAB)
  26. Reconstruction of buildings and structures (TSUAB)
  27. Comprehensive experimental research of aerodynamics and heat transfer parameters of buildings and structures (TSUAB)
  28. Theory and methods of concrete works in winter conditions (TSUAB)
  29. Technology of building materials and constructions (TSUAB)
  30. Entrepreneurship and management in construction industry (TSUAB)
  31. Foundations of buildings in complex geological engineering conditions (TSUAB)
  32. Management of investment projects and land-property complexes (TSUAB)
  33. Design, construction and maintenance of automobile roads (TSUAB)
  34. Water supply of cities and industrial enterprises (TSUAB)
  35. Heat supply of residential and public buildings (TSUAB)
  36. Systems of building micro-climate provision (TSUAB)
  37. Theory of building internal climate and building envelopes (TSUAB)
  38. Low-rise wooden architecture (TSUAB)
  39. Industrial safety of construction systems (TSUAB)
  40. Comprehensive mechanisation of construction process (TSUAB)
  41. Artificial transport structures, their construction and maintenance (TSUAB)
  42. Plasma technologies in construction (TSUAB)

SPECIALIST of Civil Engineering in Russia

  1. Construction of buildings thermal and nuclear power


Pokrov Plant of Concrete Goods produces cement slabs for Mosmetrostroy (Moscow Metro Construction), a subway-building company, industrial engineering and housing construction. At present Mosmetrostroy is acting as general contractor building metro stations in Moscow and performing tunneling and stations construction in consortium with Gammon India Ltd. in Chennai, India.

Research at the Faculty of concentrate in the following areas:

  • Expert information technologies in the energy sector – the department  of Renewable energy and hydro power and Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology
  • Computer-aided design of hydropower facilities and installations of renewable energy – the Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology and Department of Construction structures and materials
  • Theory and design of buildings and structures – Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology
  • Modeling and design of hydro – Department of Hydraulic engineering
  • Hydrodynamics and heat transfer in fusion devices – Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology and Department of Water and Landscape Construction
  • Heat and mass transfer in natural environments and in technical devices – Department of Hydraulics
  • Geotechnical support for the reconstruction of buildings and structures – Department of Underground facilities, bases and foundations
  • Environmental monitoring and control framework  hydro-energy systems – Department of Renewable energy and hydro power and Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology
  • Rational design of transport systems of cities – the Department of Hydraulic engineering
  • Development of methods and algorithms for solving problems in mechanics of deformable systems – Department of Strength of Materials and Department of Structural Mechanics and Theory of elasticity
  • Scientific basis for the formation of natural-technical systems in the Energy and Water Management – Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology and Department of Water and Landscape Construction
  • Physical and technical methods of monitoring the environment – Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology
  • Protection of the environment during the construction and operation of port facilities and offshore – the Department of Hydraulic engineering and Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Ecology
  • The theory of plasticity and the study of elastoplastic deformation of materials and structures – the Department of Construction structures and materials, Department of Structural mechanics and the theory of elasticity and Department of Strength of Materials

Civil Engineering Faculty imparts postgraduate education in the form of post-graduate, doctoral and internship in the following specialties:

  • Nuclear and power plants, including the design, operation and decommissioning
  • Industrial power
  • Thermal power plants, their power systems and units
  • Safety in Emergencies
  • Power plants based on renewable energy
  • Hydraulics and Engineering Hydrology
  • Land reclamation, restoration and protection of land
  • Geoecology
  • Foundations, underground construction
  • Hydraulic engineering

constr2

Careers in Civil Engineering

  • Structural engineering – creating the structural elements of design, whether for bridges, or skyscrapers. Probably the oldest single specialty in civil engineering, going all the way back to Pharaoh’s pyramids.
  • Geotechnical engineering – concerned with the rock and soil which supports the structures that other civil engineers design.
  • Environmental engineering – designing systems for the treatment of chemical, biological and thermal wastes.
  • Materials engineering – these are the experts on the various materials which other civil engineers use for their projects.
  • Water resource engineering – concerned with the collection and management of water. Some of the earliest known civil engineers were the Roman engineers who created the aqueducts.
  • Earthquake engineering – a specialty dealing with creating buildings and other structures which can withstand the stresses of earthquakes without falling.
  • Coastal engineering – managing the coastal areas of our country, including marshlands. Coastal engineers create defenses against flooding and erosion.
  • Transportation engineers determine ways to meet the increasing travel needs of people, goods, and materials on land, air, and water.

Coutesy Wikipedia, http://www.civilengineeringcareers.org/,

Want a visual experience of how the world’s deepest underground railway networks are built in St.Petersburg? Read on.

For applying to study Civil Engineering in one of the leading National Research Russian State Universities go HERE and learn the step-by-step admission process at the end of the page. Then you may fill in all fields in our INFORMATION REQUEST Form and forward it to one of our e-mails: admissions@cferussia.ru or learninginrussia@gmail.com

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Currently, the Mechanical-Machine building Faculty has 39 Professors and 94 PhD’s.

Areas one can specialize in for degree programs are as follows:

  1. Technological machinery and equipment
  2. Mechanics
  3. Design and engineering support of production engineering
  4. Mechatronics and Robotics
  5. Nanoengineering
  6. Ground transportation and technological complexes
  7. Quality control
  8. Design
  9. Applied Mechanics
  10. Machines and technology of metal forming
  11. Machines and technology of high-performance processing of materials
  12. Dynamics and Strength of Machines
  13. Printing machines and automated systems
  14. Manufacturing Engineering
  15. Metal-cutting machines and systems
  16. Ground transportation and technological means
  17. Mechatronics
  18. Robots and robotic systems
  19. Management of high technology

Research conducted at the Department are in the following areas:

  • Automation of technological processes and equipment, robotics, macro and micro manipulation system, mechatronics and drives special equipment testing and calibration equipment, industrial design – the “Automatics” department
  • road-building machinery and materials, examination of lifting equipment, organization of logistics industry – “Transport and technological systems”
  • metrological support of production processes, quality management and the calculation of the creation of modern technological support – Department of “Mechanical Engineering”
  • The dynamics of machine tools and cutting processes, design of control of technological objects – department of “Flexible automated complex systems”
  • Development of efficient processes and equipment for the deformation of materials with different ways of energy concentration – Department of “Machinery and Technology of Metal Forming”
  • progressive technological processes of machining and materials research – Department “Technology of engineering materials and materials science”
  • the reliability of parts and assemblies, of machines and mechanisms; parts reliability of vehicles and machinery, the creation of lubricants, including using nanotechnology – the department “machines and machine parts”
  • playback of motion parameters (development and research of test and calibration benches), dynamics of machines – Department of “Theory of Mechanisms and Machines”
  • geometric modeling of objects and processes – Department “Applied Geometry and Design”
  • information technology in mechanical engineering, vacuum machines and technology – the department “Information-technology engineering”
  • management of competitive capabilities of the industrial enterprise – Department of “Managing design and technological innovation”
  • mathematical and computer modeling of mechanical systems – Department of “Computer Science in Mechanical Engineering”
  • information problems printing, automation of digital printing companies – Department of “Printing machines”

Training of highly qualified PhD’s and post-doctorates takes place in the faculty. In one of our coming articles you will find the areas under which you could write dissertation and find a supervisor / mentor.

BACHELORS in Mechanical Machine Building Engineering in Russia

  1. Bachelor in Mechanical Engineering (in English)
  2. Machine Building
  3. Design and technological support of machine production
  4. Motor transport and technology systems
  5. Applied mechanics

MASTERS in Mechanical Machine Building Engineering in Russia

  1. Applied mechanics
    1. Mathematic modeling of mechanical systems
    2. Mechanics of deformable solids
    3. Dynamics and strength of machines
    4. Applied mechanics
    5. Physics of strength and plasticity of materials
  2. Machine Building (Technological machines and equipment)
    1. Automation of technological machinery and equipment
    2. Technological robots, manipulators and technological systems
    3. Processes and machines for metal pressure processing
    4. Hoisting conveying machines
    5. Construction and road machines
    6. Theory of mechanisms and machines
    7. Innovations and engineering market
    8. Construction materials and technologies of electrophysical and mechanical processing
    9. Information systems of technological machines
  3. Design and technological support of machine production
    1. Machine-building technology
    2. Metal-cutting machine-tools

FACULTY of Mechanical and Machinery Engineering

BACHELORS in Mechanical and Machinery Engineering in Russia

  1. Industrial Design
  2. Dynamics and strength of machines, instruments and equipment
  3. Triboengineering
  4. Printing machines and automated systems
  5. Machines and technology of metal forming
  6. Machines and technology of high material processing
  7. Mechanical Engineering Technology
  8. Metalworking machines and systems
  9. Engineering Nanotechnology in Mechanical Engineering
  10. Lifting and transport, construction, road machines and equipment

MASTERS in Mechanical and Machinery Engineering in Russia

  1. Machine-building technology
  2. Automation of technological machinery and equipment
  3. Metal-cutting machine-tools
  4. Processes and machines for metal pressure processing
  5. Construction and road machines
  6. Dynamics and strength of machines
  7. Tribotechnique
  8. Theory of mechanisms and machines
  9. Innovations in engineering market
  10. Construction materials and technologies of electrophysical and mechanical processing
  11. Information systems of technological machines
  12. Industrial Design
  13. Computer technology and simulation in the mechanics
  14. Processes and machines for processing pressure
  15. Structural materials and technology of Electro-mechanical processing and Vacuum systems and machinery
  16. Information systems technology machines
  17. Management of design and technological innovation
  18. Logistic Systems
  19. Carrying and lifting machines
  20. Mechatronic system engineering automation
  21. Technological robots, manipulators and robotic systems in engineering
  22. Mechanical Engineering Technology
  23. Metalworking machines
  24. Hoisting Machine

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FACULTY of Mechanical Engineering in the centre of Russia

BACHELORS in Mechanical Engineering in Russia

  1. Mechanical engineering
  2. Technological machines and equipment
  3. Design and Technology software engineering industries
  4. Equipment and Welding Technology
  5. Machinery and high-technology material processing
  6. Technology, equipment and automation in engineering industries

Masters in Mechanical Engineering in Russia

  1. Automation of technological processes and production in Mechanical engineering
  2. Machinery and Welding Technology
  3. Physics of high technology in Mechanical engineering

Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering in Russia

  1. Engineering Science, Drive Systems and Machine Elements
  2. Physicotechnical Treatment and Machining Technology and Equipment
  3. Welding, related processes and technologies
  4. Methods of Control and Diagnostics in Mechanical Engineering
  5. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms

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