Archive for the ‘St. Petersburg State Medical Academy (Second)’ Category

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  1. Allergy and Immunology
  2. Anaesthesia and resuscitation
  3. Cardiovascular Surgery
  4. Cardiology
  5. Clinical Pharmacology
  6. Clinical laboratory diagnostics
  7. Children’s Oncology
  8. Children’s Dentistry
  9. Coloproctology
  10. Cosmetology
  11. Dental Therapy
  12. Dental surgery
  13. Dentistry Orthopedic
  14. Dermatovenereology
  15. Dietology
  16. Emergency Call Service
  17. Endocrinology
  18. Epidemiology
  19. Exercise therapy and sports medicine
  20. Forensic Medical Examination
  21. Functional diagnosis
  22. Gastroenterology
  23. General hygiene
  24. General medical practice (family medicine)
  25. General dentist
  26. Genetics
  27. Geriatrics
  28. Hematology
  29. Infectious diseases
  30. Public health organising
  31. Oncology
  32. Nephrology
  33. Neonatology
  34. Neurosurgery
  35. Neurology
  36. Obstetrics and Gynecology
  37. Otorhinolaryngology
  38. Ophthalmology
  39. Otolaryngology
  40. Orthodontics
  41. Pathology
  42. Pediatric Surgery
  43. Pediatric oncology
  44. Pediatric Endocrinology
  45. Pediatric cardiology
  46. Pediatric urology, andrology
  47. Regenerative medicine
  48. Physiotherapy and sports medicine
  49. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  50. Surgery
  51. Pathological anatomy
  52. Phthisiatry
  53. Plastic surgery
  54. Pediatrics
  55. Psychiatry, drug and alcohol abuse
  56. Pulmonology
  57. Psychotherapy
  58. Psychiatry
  59. Physiotherapy
  60. Traumatology and Orthopedics
  61. Therapy
  62. Urology
  63. Ultrasound diagnosis
  64. Reflexotherapy
  65. Rheumatology
  66. Radiology
  67. Social hygiene and government sanitary and epidemic service
  68. X-ray radiography

many more are added every year or are interdisciplinary.

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1. Obstetrics and Gynecology
2. Anaesthesia and Critical care medicine
3. Dermatovenereology
4. Pediatric Surgery
5. Infectious diseases
6. Clinical Laboratory Services
7. Neurology
8. Oncology
9. Public health organising
10. Otolaryngology
11. Ophthalmology
12. Pathological anatomy
13. Pediatrics
14. Psychiatry
15. Emercgency care service
16. Forensic Medical Examination
17. Therapy
18. Traumatology and Orthopedics
19. Phthisiology
20. Surgery
21. General hygiene
22. Epidemiology
23. General dentist
24. Management and economics of pharmacy
25. pharmaceutical Technology
26. Pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacognosy
27. Management of nursing activities
28. Endocrinology
29. Radiology
30. Social hygiene and government sanitary and epidemic service
31. Midwifery and gynecology
32. Roentgenology

and, more

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The Star of Life is a blue, six-pointed star, outlined with a white border which features the rod of Asclepius in the center. Internationally, it represents emergency medical services (EMS) units and personnel.

The six branches of the star are symbols of the six main tasks executed by rescuers all through the emergency chain:

1.    Detection: The first rescuers on the scene, usually untrained civilians or those involved in the incident, observe the scene, understand the problem, identify the dangers to themselves and the others, and take appropriate measures to ensure their safety on the scene (environmental, electricity, chemicals, radiation, etc.).

2.    Reporting: The call for professional help is made and dispatch is connected with the victims, providing emergency medical dispatch.

3.    Response: The first rescuers provide first aid and immediate care to the extent of their capabilities.

4.    On scene care: The EMS personnel arrive and provide immediate care to the extent of their capabilities on-scene.

5.    Care in Transit: The EMS personnel proceed to transfer the patient to a hospital via an ambulance or helicopter for specialized care. They provide medical care during the transportation.

6.    Transfer to Definitive care: Appropriate specialized care is provided at the hospital.

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Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor (i.e., medical school and internship) or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship).

A person can also become a Paramedic/clinical officer /Physician assistant. This is what the many brave individuals in war zones and Africa do to save millions of lives.

Specialities usually fit into one of two broad categories: “Medicine” and “Surgery.” “Medicine” refers to the practice of non-operative medicine, and most subspecialties in this area require preliminary training in “Internal Medicine“.

Surgical specialties employ operative treatment. Surgery has many sub-specialties, including general surgery, cardiovascular surgery, colorectal surgery, neurosurgery, maxillofacial surgery, orthopedic surgery, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, oncologic surgery, transplant surgery, trauma surgery, urology, vascular surgery, and pediatric surgery.
Internal medicine is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases, either of one particular organ system or of the body as a whole.


There are many subspecialities (or subdisciplines) of internal medicine:

•    Cardiology
•    Critical care medicine
•    Endocrinology
•    Gastroenterology
•    Geriatrics
•    Haematology
•    Hepatology
•    Infectious diseases
•    Nephrology
•    Oncology
•    Pediatrics
•    Pulmonology/Pneumology/Respirology
•    Rheumatology
•    Sleep medicine.

Other major specialties
The followings are some major medical specialties that do not directly fit into any of the above mentioned groups.
•    Anesthesiology
•    Dermatology
•    Emergency medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of acute or life-threatening conditions, including trauma, surgical, medical, pediatric, and psychiatric emergencies.
•    Family medicine, family practice, general practice or primary care
•    Obstetrics and gynecology
•    Medical Genetics
•    Neurology
•    Ophthalmology

•    Pediatrics
•    Physical medicine and rehabilitation
•    Psychiatry
•    Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease.
        o    Community health or public health
        o    Occupational medicine’s principal role is the provision of health advice to organizations and individuals to ensure that the highest standards of health and safety at work can be achieved and maintained.
        o    Aerospace medicine deals with medical problems related to flying and space travel.


Interdisciplinary fields
Some interdisciplinary sub-specialties of medicine include:
Addiction medicine deals with the treatment of addiction.
Biomedical Engineering is a field dealing with the application of engineering principles to medical practice.
Clinical pharmacology is concerned with how systems of therapeutics interact with patients.
Conservation medicine studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions. Also known as ecological medicine, environmental medicine, or medical geology.
Diving medicine (or hyperbaric medicine) is the prevention and treatment of diving-related problems.
Forensic medicine deals with medical questions in legal context, such as determination of the time and cause of death.
Laser medicine involves the use of lasers in the diagnostics and/or treatment of various conditions.
Sexual medicine is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality.

Sports medicine deals with the treatment and preventive care of athletes, amateur and professional. The team includes specialty physicians and surgeons, athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, other personnel, and, of course, the athlete.
Therapeutics is the field, more commonly referenced in earlier periods of history, of the various remedies that can be used to treat disease and promote health.
Veterinary medicine; veterinarians apply similar techniques as physicians to the care of animals.

All the above can be studied with us! Who is in?

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